Patients usually experience feelings of fear and anxiety when they hear the phrase “You have kidney failure”. These feelings are natural. Many questions come to mind, and the most important of them is: “What will happen to me?” The diagnosis of chronic kidney disease is life-changing, modern medicine gives reason to remain optimistic. It is important to understand that although it will take you some time, you will return to your life and be able to enjoy it again. On this page, you will find answers to frequently asked questions from patients diagnosed with renal failure. Your doctor will support you and advise you on the most appropriate treatment and medication for your current situation.
What is kidney failure and what are its causes?
The kidneys are vital organs. They perform excretory (excretory) and secretory (active excretion) functions. Kidney disease is associated with the fact that the kidneys can no longer perform their functions in full. Continuous progressive deterioration of kidney function is called chronic renal failure (CRF). Renal failure can be the result of a gradual decline in kidney efficiency over a long period of time, or it can be the result of sudden renal failure (i.e., acute renal failure – ARF). In the case of CRF, the kidneys are irreversibly damaged. A variety of causes can lead to chronic renal failure; the most famous are diabetes mellitus, chronic inflammation of the kidneys (pyelonephritis), autoimmune kidney damage (glomerulonephritis),
With a decrease in kidney function, the formation of urine and its components, for example, water and waste products, are disrupted, accumulate in the body, which leads to uremia. Uremia is the accumulation in the blood of mainly toxic products of nitrogen metabolism (azotemia), violations of acid-base, and osmotic balance. The main symptoms of uremia are weakness, lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, aversion to food, especially meat, itchy skin, apathy.
There are three main types of renal replacement therapy
Modern medicine can compensate for the effects of kidney failure by allowing people to live active lives even though a vital organ is no longer performing its function. However, there is still no way to cure kidney failure. Become an active and well-informed patient, explore all treatment options. Think about your habits and lifestyle when choosing the best treatment option. Please consult your doctor or nurse for advice.
You need dialysis because your kidneys have stopped (or nearly stopped) working and performing their full function. The kidneys are the body’s filtration system, freeing it of toxins and unnecessary chemicals, and retaining fluids and chemicals that the body needs. If you do not do extracorporeal blood cleansing, then renal failure will lead to death. However, modern medicine offers a chance of salvation – hemodialysis.
Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis have been performed since the mid-40s of the 20th century. Dialysis began as a regular treatment in 1960 and is now the standard treatment worldwide. CAPD (Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis) was introduced in 1976. Dialysis is now a safe procedure that benefits thousands of patients around the world.