Ask Canadians how they stay healthy and you will get many and varied answers. Some of them will mention luck or family history, but most will mention their lifestyle: whether or not they smoke, the amount of food and alcohol they consume and their level of activity. physical, and perhaps even their ability to manage stress. There is no doubt that personal lifestyle directly affects health. However, the concept of health is generally considered to be much more complex.
More than physical health
The World Health Organization ( WHO ) offers a simple definition of health: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and does not only consist of the absence of disease or infirmity” . The “social welfare” is an important aspect of this definition, which can sometimes escape us when we think about our health.
The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion sets out the social, economic and environmental aspects of “health” . This important Canadian document states that in order to stay healthy, “a group or an individual can, on the one hand, achieve their ambitions and meet their needs, and, on the other, evolve with the environment or adapt to that. -this ” . Health is considered here as a resource or an asset that helps us in everyday life. Health is a positive concept highlighting social and individual resources as well as physical capacities.
What are the factors that influence health?
There are many general factors in life that influence our health. These factors include:
- income level and social status;
- social support networks;
- education and literacy;
- employment and working conditions;
- social environments;
- physical environments;
- lifestyle and personal adaptability;
- healthy child development;
- biological and genetic heritage;
- health services;
These factors are known as determinants of health. It is the complementarity and modification of these determinants that make a person’s health a complex combination of factors. Health experiences vary widely from person to person throughout life. When faced with a difficult situation, such as a work problem, relationship problems or the loss of a loved one, good health provides us with the physical and emotional adaptation necessary to face difficult circumstances, restore our balance and lead a full and rich life.
Everyone, according to the definition of health produced by the WHO, must be able to have access to “a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being” and health does not consist only in the absence of illness or infirmity ” Health is a state (while disease is a reaction). According to the NATUROPATHIA, health is more than a heritage, but a dynamic balance expressing the free circulation of life on all planes of being (physical, energetic, psychic, social and environmental) and a state of harmony resulting in a real feeling of well-being, both physiological and psychological. This state presupposes a properly managed “health capital” which optimizes the body’s homeostasis, defense and permanent self-regeneration capacities.
Degree of pathogenicity
The “vital check-up” practiced by Health Practitioners – Naturopaths (PSN) has nothing to do with the diagnosis of the disease, nor with medical ” check-ups ” ( paraclinical exams or check up) that actually characterize a condition or degree of pathogenicity and that does not assessin no way affect the vitality and reactive capacity for self-healing, a true global reflection of an individual’s “health capital”. This vital assessment is not taught or practiced in any discipline other than naturopathy. Health is the normal and natural condition of all living beings, because this capacity is inherent in life. Nature spontaneously tends towards harmony and refuses any imbalance.
The fundamental property of life is self-preservation: any functional disturbance naturally tends to return to its original state by using a vital process of self-defense, called disease (or pathology), which is a process of purification of the whole organism and an attempt at spontaneous return to health. It is the same vital energy that presides over the sustainability of the past (heredity phenomenon), the affirmation of the present (growth, self-defense, self-healing and apoptosis), and survival in the future (adaptation process). To be in good health is to obey the laws of Nature and of Life, to break these laws is to become ill; to heal is to eliminate the causes of the disease.
“The doctor must understand that he will be all the more effective if he will work with a team of diverse professionals, whether or not belonging to the health staff , and it is thanks to this teamwork that it will become possible to lead to real health promotion. “
World Health Organization, from 1986:
“Health is therefore seen as a resource of daily life, not the goal of life. It is a positive concept emphasizing social and individual resources, as well as physical capacities. Therefore, health promotion is not only a matter for the health sector: it goes beyond healthy lifestyles to target well-being. “
It is in the context of the reports on health in France published since 1984 by the High Committee of Public Health and the recommendations of the National and Regional Health Conferences (States General of Health) that Bernard Kouchner implemented this national health education plan.
It can be read there only if “secondary prevention” is essentially linked to the early detection of diseases and that if “tertiary prevention” aims to avoid recurrences and to help the sick or disabled to live better of their possibilities. , “primary prevention” is located upstream of health problems, and aims to avoid their occurrence. It also confirms that “the purpose of health education is that each citizen acquires, throughout his life, the skills and means enabling him to promote his health and his quality of life as well as that of the community. “